An agreement gave considerable impetus when, on 1 July, Israel did not begin the process of annexation of the West Bank, as Mr. Netanyahu had suggested. The Emiratis reported that they took the opportunity to promise a complete normalization of relations if the annexation was removed from the table. It was the subtext of an op-ed published in June by the Emirati ambassador to the United States in Israel`s largest daily newspaper, Yedioth Ahronoth. The Donald J. Trump government, which resigned itself to Israel`s strong desire to expand the country`s formal diplomatic relations with the Arab nations of the Persian Gulf and took over the UAE embassy in the Persian Gulf, oversaw the three-way diplomacy that led to the Abraham Agreement. But the “Abraham Accords,” as it is known as the Israel-UAE agreement, represent a significant change in the balance of power in the Middle East and are presented by Trump White House as a major foreign policy coup. Despite the lack of official reaction, the hashtag “normalization is a betrayal” began to become fashionable after the announcement, especially among young Saudi activists.  On 19 August, Saudi Foreign Minister Fayçal bin Farhan Al Saud said that the agreement could be considered positive, but that his country would not be able to normalize relations until peace with the Palestinians was signed, as part of the Arab peace initiative, we hope.  The new historical agreements differ from previous agreements because they are not the result of the Cold War or the so-called “Land for Peace” framework after the 1967 Six-Day War, but follow a new model of peace based on common interests.
Both are the result of economic opportunities and common security concerns, particularly with regard to Iran. Longtime New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman, who has written for decades on international geopolitics and has been a regular critic of Trump`s policies, hailed the deal as “exactly what Trump said in his tweet: a “huge breakthrough.”  He calls the Abraham Agreements an “arms sale agreement” and believes that other countries, such as Saudi Arabia, which join the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan and normalize relations with Israel, could expect even greater access to the U.S. arms industry. Given the shared authority between Hamas in the Gaza Strip and Fatah in the West Bank and a growing number of Palestinians, increasingly frustrated by both, Palestinian leaders are a complex matter. However, at a rare moment of unity and agreement, the two factions (along with a number of fringe political parties) jointly condemned the peace agreement. For Hamas in Gaza, the likely outcome of these recent developments is a short-term escalation of sporadic but ongoing violence that characterizes its border relations with Israel. Israel will probably react on substantive issues. It won`t make much difference. Prospects are more uncertain in the West Bank, where there has been no widespread violence since the second intifada in the early 2000s.
The UAE has been trying without success, reportedly for six years, to get permission from Washington to buy F-35s and become the first Arab country to possess them. Nevertheless, in the Middle East, there are warnings against a new cycle of dissemination and the fear of a new bloodbath in the corners of the region, where the major powers are waging proxy wars. Malaysia stated that the agreement was a sovereign right of the United Arab Emirates, but that it would continue to support Israel`s withdrawal from the Palestinian territories.  The Philippine Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement in which it welcomed the agreement and hoped it would contribute to peace and security in the Middle East.  The agreement is a step forward for Israel and also for Morocco. As part of the agreement, Mr. Trump acknowledged – in accordance with his transactional approach to diplomacy – Morocco`s claim to Western Sahara. The area, slightly larger than Britain, is also claimed by the Polisario Front, a nationalist movement supported by Algeria that has aspired to independence for more than 40 years.